verb besubject
thereissingular subject
thereareplural subject

Notice that normal word order (subject-verb) is reversed or inverted (verb-subject). The word there is not the subject. It is important to identify the subject and make sure that the verb agrees with it.

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Look at these examples with singular subject & singular verb:

thereverb benotsingularsubject
+Thereisstill aproblem.
There"ssomemilkin the fridge.
-Thereisn"tanymoneyin the bank.
?Is thereaGin "Bangkok"?

thereverb benotpluralsubject
+Therearetwo boys in the garden.
Therearemanyquestionsto answer.
-Therearen"tanystudentsin class.

Notice that we can use the there is/are construction in other tenses, & the same agreement is needed, for example:There was a noise in the night.There were lots of people at the party.There have been complaints about you recently.There will have been lots of people at the các buổi party so you"ll need khổng lồ tidy the room in the morning.

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There is with singular subject series

We use there is before a series of singular subjects. Look at these examples:

There is fruit, bread và wine on the table.There"s a cup of coffee & some sugar on the table.There"s a red car and a xanh car outside.
The phrase "fruit, bread & wine" refers lớn three things, so why vị we use the singular there is? The reason is ellipsis (where we cut out words that are repeated). So...There is fruit, bread and wine on the table.really meansThere is fruit, there is bread and there is wine on the table.

There is/are with mixed subject series

Sometimes we have a series of subjects that are mixed - singular & plural. In informal speech, the verb then agrees with the nearest subject. Look at these examples:

There"s a girl & two boys outside.There are two boys & a girl outside.There"s some wine & two apples on the table.There are two apples và some wine on the table.

Note that this is common usage in informal speech only. It is not recommended for formal English such as essay-writing in an exam.

There is/are + lots of

Do we use there is or there are with lots of or a lot of? It depends on the noun: if it is singular, use there is; if it is plural, use there are:

There are lots of dogs in the street.There"s a lot of snow outside.
Note that in everyday English, many people use there"s with a plural subject:There"s two boys in the garden.There"s two boys & a girl outside.There"s a lot of dogs in the street.This is increasingly common in British and American English, but it is not recommended in formal situations.
There is, There are QuizSubject-Verb : Learn English : Grammar : Verbs : Subject-Verb Agreement : There is, There are

When I use a word, it means just what I choose it khổng lồ mean - neither more nor less." Humpty-Dumpty (Lewis Carroll)

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